WHAT IS AN HMO?

WHAT IS AN HMO?2018-09-13T17:49:42+00:00

WHAT IS AN HMO?

‘HMO’ stands for House in Multiple Occupancy or House of Multiple Occupation.  An HMO is any property with:

  • 3 or more tenants
  • More than 1 household
  • Shared facilities

What is a household is:

  • A single person, or members of the same family who live together.
  • Each tenant from a separate family is classed as a separate household.

What constitutes a ‘family’?

  • Tenants who are married or living together as a couple, from one family.
  • This includes couples in same sex relationships and their children.
  • All relatives & half-relatives count as the same family e.g. grandparents, step-parents, aunts, uncles, siblings & step-siblings.
  • Any household domestic staff are included in the household if they do not pay rent while living with the person(s) they are working for.

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HMO EXAMPLES

  • 3 brother or sisters living together are 1 household – is not an HMO
  • 3 friends living together are 3 households – is an HMO
  • 2 couples living together are 2 households – is an HMO
  • 1 couple and 1 single person are 2 households – is an HMO

WHAT IS A BEDSIT HMO

A building which has been divided into individual non self-contained lettings, let to individual tenants. Each bedsit letting will usually comprise only one room (sometimes more) which may contain cooking/food preparation facilities, washing facilities and living/sleeping space. Usually bathrooms and WCs are shared between a number of bedsits. The actual facilities contained within each bedsit letting will vary from property to property.

Although many people immediately think of bed-sit type accommodation, the vast majority of HMOs in London were previously family homes, now being shared by young professional people.

BUILDINGS EXEMPT FROM THE HMO DEFINITION

  • Those occupied by the resident landlord and a maximum of two other persons who are not part of his or her household
  • Those occupied by no more than two persons.

Schedule 14 of the Housing Act 2004 lists all the exemptions.

HMOs can be classified by the size; small and large. A Small HMO is up to 6 tenants, from more than 1 household, sharing facilities whereas a large HMO is 7+ tenants, from more 1 than household, sharing facilities. If you are considering or are currently running a large HMO you will require planning permission from your local Council  in order to do so. You may also require planning permission for a small HMO if your brough operates an Article 4 directive. (link to planning and Article 4 directive page)

It is important to note that HMO Management Regulations 2006 apply whether you require a property licence or not.

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